The temple of Tawd was dedicated to worshipping the ancient Egyptian God of War, Montu among two other temples, Medamud and Arment, however, theories abound as to the era of its founding. According to Abdel Monaem Abdel Azim, Head of the Upper Egyptian Heritage Center in Luxor, some experts argue that the temple was built during the reign of Thutmose while others claim that it belonged to the time of Ramses III. This unresolved dispute, he explained, is due to the inscriptions on the temple’s walls that remain unexamined until today. Abdel Azim added that the city of Tawd is an ancient pharaonic city and was called “Zriet” but its current Arabic name evolved from the Coptic name “Toud”.
The Head of the Heritage Center pointed out that most of the temple is still buried but is currently being studied by a French archaeological delegation. The significance of this particular temple, as Abdel Azim explained, comes from the studies that designate Tawd to be the birthplace of Moses who was set adrift on the Nile to be picked up by the Pharaoh’s daughter (his wife in other narrations) in Luxor, then “Thebes”. It is also believed that the curve in the river stream in Tawd just before Aswan and Esna’s reservoirs is said to have slowed down the surge of the river thus easing the trip of Moses’ ark, carrying him safely from the city of Tawd to Luxor.